When applying for a federal job, forget what you learned about resume writing. For private sector jobs, you typically summarize your work history in a one-page document, A federal resume, even for an entry-level job needs to be more detailed and may run anywhere from two to five pages or more since you need to go into greater depth about your skills and your previous responsibilities and accomplishments.
Key Components of Your Federal Resume
To create your federal resume, we strongly suggest you use the Resume Builder on USAJOBS to guide you through the resume-writing process to ensure you do not leave out anything important. You are permitted to create several resumes and tailor them to fit different positions. You may also create a searchable, master resume that enables HR specialists to contact you about an opportunity that might be a great fit for your skills and experience.
Building Your Federal Resume
- Candidate Information
You will first be asked to provide your name, contact information, citizenship status and other basic information. Most positions require applicants to be a U.S. citizen to apply, but there may be some exceptions for hard-to-fill jobs. You also need to identify whether you have ever worked for the federal government and whether you qualify for veterans’ preference.
Note: You are eligible for veterans’ preference if you have served on active duty in the Armed Forces.
- Work experience
List the required information fields for all relevant jobs you’ve held. Each part of the resume is essential to your resume meeting the minimum qualifications. Experienced workers may choose to only list jobs held in the last 10 years.
Required: Employer, location, position title, start and end date, average hours worked per week, responsibilities and accomplishments.
Optional: You may include your supervisor(s) as a reference. Including your salary is also optional and will not exclude your resume from consideration.
Include information on all the schools you have attended and relevant coursework you completed. Only list degrees from accredited schools or programs that meet the Office of Personnel Management’s standards. If you would like to substitute education for experience to qualify for a job, you must include information on relevant coursework. To ensure you receive appropriate credit for your academic credentials, you should provide as much information as possible.
Required: Schools attended, degrees obtained.
Optional: Grade-point averages, relevant coursework taken, academic papers or projects, key presentations, honors received, other important accomplishments.
Optional Information to Include
It is to your advantage to provide as much pertinent information as possible in the following optional sections.
Include any classes, seminars, coursework, certifications, or training you have completed that relate to skills and experience the position requires.
In addition to providing the names of your supervisors, you may want to list professional or personal references who can vouch for your character, work ethic and dependability. Colleagues, classmates, mentors and other individuals you have worked closely with can add credibility to your application.
Include any language experience you may have and your level of proficiency.
List any professional associations, societies, clubs or other organizations you are affiliated with. Highlight your leadership roles and volunteer experience as it relates to the job description.
Include any publications you have contributed to, along with the names and dates of those publications.
In this section, include any other relevant information: awards, leadership activities, public-speaking engagements, volunteer experience or other items. You may choose to list your availability, the type of work environment you seek and your desired location. Recruiters use these items to determine your interests and will not exclude your resume from consideration.